WELCOME TO VACCINE AWARENESS NETWORK
Updated 30 September 2014
 
 
Vaccines And How They Are Made
The chemicals that go into vaccination, includes info on expanded vaccine schedule - newly updated 1 August 2014
 
 
Your Immune System, How It Works And How Vaccines Damage It
Vaccines and Immune Dysfunction - updated 22 March 2014
 
 
The Herd Immunity Theory - Treating Our Children Like Cattle
The Herd Immunity Theory - updated 5 October 2014
 
 
Did Vaccines Really Halt Killer Diseases?
Did Vaccines Really Stop Diseases? A look at history - updated 10 April 2010 with modern day victim of smallpox vaccine
 
 
Vaccination And Abortion
The Use Of Foetal Tissue in Vaccines - newly updated 1 October 2014
 
 
Vaccines: A Religious Contention
Vaccines: A Religious Contention - updated 17 December 2009
 
 
Pediacel 5-in-1 Super Jab
5 in 1 vaccine - updated 26 August 2012.
 
 
Manufacturer's Information About Pediacel 5-in-1 Vaccine
 
 
Autism and Cerebral Palsy From DPT Vaccine
Maryamber's Story - and other Cerebral Palsy after Vaccination Cases, updated 13 April 2010
 
 
Gardasil and Cervarix - The Cervical Cancer Vaccines
Gardasil and Cervarix - The Cervical Cancer Vaccine - now updated 31 March 2010 - Spain Withdraws Batch Of HPV Vaccine
 
 
Gardasil Vaccines Continued
Gardasil Vaccine Continued And Cases Of Gardasil/Cervarix Damage And Death, updated 27 August 2014
 
 
Prevnar Vaccination
Prevnar and Pneumonia Vaccinations, including info on PCV 13, updated 3 February 2012
 
 
Travel Vaccines
Travel Vaccines - updated 17 September 2014
 
 
Tetanus Vaccine
Tetanus Vaccine - updated 6 May 2012
 
 
MMR, Single Vaccines And MMRV Vaccine
MMR and Single Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccines and MMRV information - updated 5 October 2014 - NEW COURT RULING SHOWING MMR CAUSED ASD! Contains Graphic Damage Photo.
 
 
Killer Measles Vaccine Is Withdrawn And Other Vaccine Death Cases
Four Babies Killed In Measles Vaccine Campaign - updated 26 August 2012 with more deaths, PAGE FULL.
 
 
Infant Vaccines Produce Autism Symptoms In Primates
Shots Cause Autism In Monkeys
 
 
If You Don't Want The MMR We'll Force You and Other Vaccination Force Stories
Bully Boy Tactics Proposed - includes case of forced vaccination with various vaccines, updated 17 September 2014
 
 
Meningitis C Vaccine
Various articles and citations - updated 30 August 2012
 
 
Hepatitis B Vaccine...aluminium....thimerosal (mercury)....yeast...but don't worry, it's gluten free!
Hep B Manufacturer's Information - updated with details of court admitted MS and Death Caused By Hep B Vaccine, updated 18 November 2012
 
 
Hepatitis B Vaccine Kills Baby and other Vaccine Death Cases
Updated 17 September 2014
 
 
Vaccine Companies Investigated For Manslaughter and other Vaccine Court Cases
And Other Vaccine Companies/Doctors On Trial For Vaccine Deaths, Injuries and Fraud - Updated 1 October 2014, now including Investigations into Swine Flu Scam
 
 
Iatrogenic Child Abuse
Iatrogenic child abuse: vaccinations and other medical abuse of children by doctors - Updated 14 April 2014
 
 
Bullying, Rude and Discriminatory Doctors who Forget Vaccines are a CHOICE
Updated 27 February 2014
 
 
My Fight For Health After Vaccination
A Vaccine Damage Case - updated 6 March 2012 to include my friend's and relatives vaccine damage cases
 
 
Vaccine Injury Photos From The CDC
WARNING! Very Graphic Vaccine Damage Pictures. Don't Look If Easily Upset - updated 27 February 2014
 
 
Vaccine Debate Page
A Place Where You Can Send Your Views On Vaccines And Health - updated 21 August 2011
 
 
Vaccination And Your Legal Rights
Your Legal Right To Own Your Own Body - updated 16 August 2009 with new information
 
 
Vaccination DESTROYS Natural Immunity!
Transplacental and Breast Milk Immunity and How they are Diminished by Vaccination - new page 10 May 2013
 
 
Disease Killing Properties Of Breast Milk
Immunising Your Baby With Breast Milk - updated 18 June 2012
 
 
Polio: The Disease, the Vaccine and the Controversies
NEW Page - updated 26 August 2012
 
 
Baby Gallery
Unvaccinated Bundles of Joy! - updated 8 May 2013
 
 
The Home Birth Pages - My Story
The Hospital Birth Experience
 
 
The Home Birth Pages
My Unassisted Childbirth - Reclaiming My Femininity - updated 17 May 2012
 
 
The Home Birth Pages - British Maternity Care (The Bullying I got When Pregnant with Yanny)
My Struggle To Have A Natural Pregnancy With The NHS - updated 5 May 2012
 
 
The Home Birth Pages - Yanny's Unhindered Home Birth
My Baby's Unhindered Home Birth - updated 6 May 2012
 
 
Home Birth And Your Legal Rights. How To Have A Natural Birth
Your Right To Birth Without Violence And Other Home Birth Issues - updated 17 May 2012
 
 
THE DANGERS OF EPISIOTOMY
And Tips For Easing Pain. Updated 6 May 2012
 
 
Obstetric Myths and Realities
Caesareans and Breech Births - updated 17 May 2010
 
 
Vaccine Information For Pregnant Women
What You Should Know If Considering A Vaccination During Pregnancy - updated 2 August 2014 - ALERT: MISCARRIAGES AND STILLBIRTHS AFTER H1N1 VACCINE!!
 
 
Home Education Photo Diary
Photo Diary of Child Friendly Home Schooling - updated 7 August 2009 - PAGE FULL, WILL ADD NEW ONE LATER.
 
 
Home Education Photo Diary
Page two of my children's home schooling - updated 10 February 2013
 
 
Home Education And Your Legal Rights
Updated 3 March 2012.
 
 
Dangers Of Formula Milk
Formula Milk Is NOT As Good As Breast Milk And Is Not A Breast Milk Substitute! Updated 14 June 2012
 
 
Vitamin K: Does Your Baby Really Need It?
Updated 6 May 2012
 
 
Mercury Free Vaccines Still Have Mercury In Them
What's Not On The Label
 
 
Pro-Vaccine Arguments
VS. Medical Evidence - updated 17 April 2014
 
 
Pro-Vaccine Arguments Page 2
VS. Medical Evidence - NEW page completed on 25th August 2012
 
 
Vaccine Shedding
The spreading of viruses and bacteria via vaccination. Includes Information on the symptoms and treatment of measles. Updated 17 May 2014
 
 
Why I Don't Vaccinate My Children
And The Birth of VAN UK - updated 11 April 2014
 
 
Six Reasons Why I Don't Vaccinate My Children
Some of the reasons I don't vaccinate, from my blog, 7th October 2012
 
 
Vaccines And Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
The Link Between Vaccines And SIDS - updated 2 July 2014
 
 
Midwives And Health Professionals Against Vaccination
Updated 28 August 2014
 
 
Media Censorship of Vaccine News
Updated 28 August 2014
 
 
BCG Vaccine
BCG vaccine information - new page 4 August 2012
 
 
Homeopathic Vaccination
Updated 7 October 2012
 
 
Boy Partially Losses Hearing After Vaccination
Updated 22nd August 2012 with more deafness and blindness after MMR cases
 
 
Delaying Vaccination Cuts Asthma Risk (and Other Allergies Related to Vaccines).
Citation in the Journal of Allergy And Clinical Immunology and Info on Vaccines and Auto-Immunity - Updated 16 May 2014
 
 
Vaccines, Mercury, Aluminium and Autism Studies
With link to http://www.mercurymadness.org. Manufacturer's Say Vaccines Cause Autism! - updated 23 August 2014
 
 
Contraindications (people who shouldn't be vaccinated) and side-effects From The Merck Manual (vaccine manufacturer)
Medical Information On Who Should Not Have Vaccines - Merck and GP Notebook - updated 6 September 2009
 
 
Flu Vaccines
Updated 22 March 2014
 
 
Swine Flu Epidemic/ H1N1 Vaccine Deaths and Injuries
Created By Lab Blunder - now recording deaths and injuries from jab - page now full.
 
 
Swine Flu Vaccine
Ingredients and other information - updated 2 July 2014
 
 
Tamiflu
What You Should Know About Tamiflu - updated 13 April 2014
 
 
More Educated Mothers Are Less Likely To Vaccinate
A New Study Shows That University Educated Mums Are More Likely To Refuse Vaccines And Other Studies Showing Educated Mothers Refusing Vaccines - updated 28 August 2014
 
 
Diseases In The Vaccinated
Medical Studies And Reports Showing Vaccines Do Not Immunise - Updated 25 April 2009
 
 
Diseases In The Vaccinated Page 2
Page Full.
 
 
Diseases in the Vaccinated - Page 3
Vaccine 'Preventable' Diseases Occuring in the Vaccinated- NEW PAGE. 17 September 2014
 
 
Seven School Kids Taken To Hospital After Vaccines and Other Vaccine Disasters
Kids sicken after DT/IPV Vaccines - and other reactions after vaccination drives, updated 4 September 2014
 
 
Infant Mortality Rates Fall Where 'Immunisation' Rates Are Low
Infant Mortality Rates Fall In Line With Lowering Vaccination Rates - updated 31 January 2013
 
 
Chickenpox: Is It Really A Killer Disease?
Suddenly this benign childhood illness has turned into a 'deadly killer' because they are introducing a vaccine - updated 31 January 2013
 
 
Selective Vaccination
If You Decide To Vaccinate - updated 30 January 2013
 
 
Vaccine Damage Payments Unit
How To Make A Claim For Compensation If Your Loved One Is Vaccine Injured - updated 1 September 2014
 
 
Legal Help For Vaccine Damage And Pro-Choice Issues
Solicitor/Lawyer Information - updated 2 June 2012
 
 
Treating Childhood Illnesses
These days, doctors and parents have lost the art of actually nursing their child through a normal childhood illness. Here we tell you the symptoms and treatment of measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, rotavirus and whooping cough - updated 15 June 2012
 
 
Childhood Diseases Can Be Good For Your Child!
Studies showing childhood diseases reduce autoimmunity - updated 21 November 2010
 
 
Stupid Medical Advice Which Has Been Consigned To History Books
Updated 12 April 2012
 
 
Double Standards - it's not okay to ingest this but fine if we inject it
Authorities Admitting Concern Over Chemicals Used In Other Products That Are Also Used In Vaccines - updated 30 January 2013
 
 
Ian's Life
A page dedicated to a little boy who died of an adverse reaction to Hepatitis B vaccine. WARNING: graphic vaccine damage picture
 
 
Animal Vaccines
The Dangers of Animal Vaccines and naturally rearing animals - updated 16 May 2014
 
 
Remember My Name
Honouring Those Who Have Died From Vaccination - updated 15 April 2012
 
 
Remember My Name - Page 2
Honouring Those Who Have Died From Vaccination - Page 2, updated 28 July 2014
 
 
Vaccines, BSE and vCJD
In Memory of Andy Black - WARNING, GRAPHIC PHOTOS, DON'T LOOK IF EASILY UPSET - updated 2 August 2012
 
 
Vaccination: An Ecological Disaster
Environmental Reasons Why Vaccines Aren't so Great. 2% of World HIV Cases Caused By Vaccines. NEW PAGE.
 
 
Skewed Statistics
How Studies are 'Doctored' to Make Vaccines Seem More Effective - NEW page! updated 21 September 2014
 
 
Youth Page
Under 18's Page - Know Your Vaccination Rights - Updated 25 June 2012
 
 
Take Vaccines Out of Schools Campaign!
Example letters you can use to complain about the use of vaccination in schools - updated 23 June 2012
 
 
Vaccines Didn't Save Us From Smallpox
Historical Evidence Against Vaccination and Historical Vaccine Death Cases
 
 
A Parent's Guide against Pro-Vaccine Pediatricians
NEW PAGE - Countering Pro-Vaccine Arguments, 30th April 2012
 
 
Rotavirus Vaccine
Rotavirus Vaccine - another vaccine added to the UK schedule - updated 4 September 2014
 
 
The Problems with Vaccinating Premature Babies
New page. Completed 2nd June 2014
 
 
Paracetamol (Acetaminophen), Ibuprofen and Vaccines
New Page - updated 13 April 2014
 
 
Vaccines and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
 
 
Ebola News
The latest scare that WHO want to frighten you with - 28 August 2014
 
 
Vaccines and Seizures
17 September 2014
 
 
Donate To VAN UK to Keep This Website Running!
Donate To VAN UK to Keep This Website Running!
 
 
Letters To VAN UK
About vaccination and it's affects - updated 19 September 2014
 
 
Guest Book
Comments are Moderated (Polite Messages Only)- Moderated 27 February 2014).
 
 
Contact Us
Contact Us - updated 25 September 2014
 
 

Vitamin K: Does Your Baby Really Need It?

Me directly after Yanny's home birth, please excuse my awful hair, it was 6am and I didn't brush it!


Vitamin K Injection: is it really just a vitamin?

When my second born was but a few hours old, I was asked if I would consent to her being administered vitamin K. Thankfully I knew about the study linking vitamin K injection with childhood leukaemia and the hospital where I gave birth had a policy to only give oral drops, so I mistakenly thought that these drops must be okay because they were ‘just a vitamin’, and vitamins are good for you. So I allowed them to give them to her and only later discovered that the manufactured version of vitamin K is anything but just the vitamin.

Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding

This disease was previously known as Haemorrhagic Disease of the Newborn and was first described in 1894 by a doctor called Townsend. 1 in 10,000 babies are thought to have some form of bleed at or some time after birth. There are three different kinds of VKDB:

Classic VKDB: This occurs between one and seven days post birth. A baby may bleed from his umbilical cord stump and gastrointestinal tract. Very rarely, he might bleed from his brain. If he has any puncture marks from injections or IV’s he may bleed from those. This type of VKDB is the most common and usually caused by being unwell at birth, for instance, through prematurity, traumatic delivery or failure to breast feed soon after birth. Drugs used in childbirth can interfere with the baby’s alertness and ability to feed and so may contribute to this type of the disease, as may immediate cord clamping after birth.

Early Onset VKDB: This occurs on the first day of life and is rare. It usually only occurs if a mother has been on medications during pregnancy, such as antibiotics. If you are pregnant, you should not take antibiotics unless it is a life threatening emergency. Other trigger medications include anti-convulsants and medicines to control blood clots such as warfarin. The rate for early onset VKDB is up to 12% of babies born after a medicated pregnancy.

Late Onset VKDB: This occurs between 8 days and six months after the birth. In half of these cases, the baby has an underlying liver disease and is unable to utilize vitamins in his milk. Other cases occur when a breast feeding mother does not have an optimal diet (for instance, not eating green vegetables and fresh foods, consumption of alcohol and junk foods and use of drugs and medications in that mother). You are what you eat and if you eat junk food then your breast milk will be junky.

PHYTONDIONE VITAMIN K INJECTION

This information was taken from Merck vaccine manufacturer, who also make this injection.
Ingredients: Phytondione 2 or 10mgs, polyoxyethylated fatty acid 70mgs (the data sheet didn’t say where the fatty acid was derived from, but one type of oral brand has bovine gall bladder fatty acid in it, so I assume similar here), dextrose, benzyl alcohol and water.
Other brands such as the one by Roche Pharmaceuticals, may have varying ingredients. Roche’s also contains hydrochloric acid.
Hospira Inc’s version contains aluminium.
Warnings: This injection should be administered subcutaneously (just under the skin) because severe reactions including fatalities have occurred immediately after intramuscular (deep muscle) and intravenous injection (via a drip). Those reactions include hypersensitivity, anaphylactic shock, and cardiac and respiratory arrest.
Benzyl Alcohol as a preservative as been associated with toxicity in newborns (Writer’s comment: why are they then using it in an injection meant for newborns?)

Adverse Reactions: Deaths have occurred after intramuscular and intravenous injection, ‘flushing’ sensations, dizziness, rapid and weak pulse, profuse sweating, hypotension, dyspnea, cyanosis, pain, swelling at the injection site, allergic sensitivity, scleroderma like skin lesions that persist for long periods. Hyperbilirubinemia has occurred in newborns following the administration of vitamin K injection (jaundice).
This drug has not been tested to see if it is carcinogenic (causes cancer),whether it mutates or if it impairs fertility. It is not known whether it can cause fetal harm or whether it is excreted in human milk.

Contraindication

Hypersensitivity to any of the injection’s ingredients. (Writer’s comment: how would they know, since they give it to newborns with no medical history?).
It is interesting to note that vitamin K injections are given intramuscularly even though some manufacturer’s such as Merck say this is dangerous.
Hospira’s data sheet also says this:
‘Benzyl alcohol has been reported to be associated with a fatal “Gasping Syndrome” in premature infants.
WARNING: This product contains aluminium that may be toxic. Aluminium may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they required large amounts of calcium and phosphate solutions, which contain aluminium.
Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminium at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminium at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.’

Childhood Leukaemia

In 1970, a study was undertaken to see what the risk factors were for childhood cancers. 16,193 babies were studied who had all been born in April 1970. 99 children developed cancer by the age of 10 in the control group and 33 children in the other group. The researchers found that when babies had received vitamin K in the first week of life, their risk of cancer increased three fold. They had not been looking at vitamin K specifically and did not expect to see such an association, so they approached Roche Pharmaceuticals, asking them to do a further trial. They initially refused, until stories about vitamin K and cancer forced them into a corner, and, determined to prove the safety of their product, they began a new study.
588 healthy children and 195 children with cancer were studied. All of these children had been born at one of two hospitals in Bristol. One hospital used oral vitamin K drops and the other used the injection. The researchers found a two fold increase in childhood Leukaemia among those who had received the injection and stated that as many as 980 cases of childhood Leukaemia were caused by the vitamin K injection every year in the UK alone.
Newer studies have been done as recently as 1998 which seem to confirm this. Two studies in the British Medical Journal in that year found that there was a two fold risk of Leukaemia among 1-6 year old’s who had been given the injection at birth, and that there was a ‘significant risk’ of all cancers after the shot.

An Alternative View Of Vitamin K Deficiency

Some medical professionals question whether newborns are actually deficient in vitamin K or whether in fact this is their normal level. Levels have been described as low due to the comparison with adult levels of the vitamin, but this doesn’t make a lot of sense, since newborns and adults are not compared in other areas. For instance, in weight and nutritional requirements. Drugs are also measured differently with lower amounts given to babies.
All babies have this universally ‘low’ level of vitamin K, so surely that would point to it being normal? Normality is based on what is seen in the majority of cases. Perhaps babies need less vitamin K than we do?
According to Archives of Disease in Childhood, 1997, a baby given a vitamin K injection receives 300 times more vitamin than is recommended for an adult and has a 9000 times higher blood plasma level. This may be why some babies then develop jaundice, as an overdose effect of the drug. Bilirubin is a natural by-product which is formed during the body’s normal break down of red blood cells. It is excreted by the liver. Jaundice happens when there is an excess of bilirubin and the liver is unable to properly cleanse the blood, i.e. liver overload. As babies receive such a huge dose of vitamin K, combined with other toxic ingredients in the shot, this liver overload isn’t surprising.
In turn, jaundice can cause kernicterus (brain damage from high bilirubin levels) and haemolysis (destruction of red blood cells), as reported in journals such as the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 1996.

The Truth About Breast Milk

Breast milk undoubtedly gets a bad press in the vitamin K deficiency argument, with doctors and drug manufacturer’s both suggesting that breast milk is ‘too low’ in vitamin K. Just as with vaccines, it is another step to undermine the mother, by suggesting that she is not good enough for her baby, and in ensuring reliance on drugs from birth.
There are many other factors to consider, such as whether the baby has fed and how often he has breast fed, what his overall condition is like, whether he has been exposed to antibiotics.

Studies have shown that:
• Breast fed babies whose mothers ate leafy green vegetables while pregnant, did not get VKDB
• Breast fed babies whose mothers were supplemented with vitamin K tablets while pregnant did not get VKDB
• There are higher levels of vitamin K in colostrum, the baby’s first milk, so it is really important that he gets to drink colostrum as soon as possible. A study in the British Medical Journal in 1992 showed that babies who had unrestricted access to the breast immediately after birth, and who had breast fed before they were 24 hours old, did not get VKDB.

Protecting Your Baby From Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding

To summarise:
1. Don’t take medications while pregnant. If you are epileptic and on anti-seizure medication, talk to your doctor to see if it is possible to alter your drugs. Don’t take antibiotics unless there is a life threatening emergency.
2. Don’t drink alcohol during pregnancy.
3. Eat plenty of leafy green vegetables and fresh foods.
4. Avoid junk foods, and in particular, fats and margarine. Margarine contains butylated hydroxytoluene, which is an inhibitor of vitamin K.
5. Opt for a natural birth. Drugs in childbirth can make the baby unwell or drowsy, interfere with breast feeding and increase the risk of VKDB. Say no to a forceps delivery. You don’t have to have them, even in difficulty, there are other ways to help the baby into the world.
6. Delay the cord clamping. Leave your baby attached to his cord until it has stopped pulsing, or longer.
7. Breast feed your baby immediately after he is born. If he won’t feed, keep offering. If he is ill and cannot suckle, ensure he gets breast milk through a tube soon after he is born.
8. If you have a son, DON’T circumcise him! Research has shown that circumcision can cause heavy bleeding and lead to VKDB.
9. If you are considering giving artificial vitamin K supplementation, choose an oral brand rather than the injection. It is less stressful for the baby and it hasn’t been linked to cancer. Check ingredients carefully. Some may contain animal products, phenols or aluminium.
10. Consider having a natural vitamin K supplement in pregnancy and while you are nursing your child, as this won’t have the same risk of side-effects as the ones manufactured by the pharmaceutical industry.

Sources used for this article:
Information on VKDB came from source 1.
1. Joint statement and recommendations on
Vitamin K administration to newborn infants to prevent vitamin K deficiency bleeding in infancy.
National Health and Medical Research Council
Paediatric Division of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians
Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
Australian College of Midwives Inc

2. Merck and Co. Manufacturers data sheet for Aquamephyton vitamin K injection, dated February 2002. http://www.fda.gov/medwatch/SAFETY/2003/03Jun_PI/AquaMEPHYTON_PI.pdf
3. Hospira Inc manufacturer’s information http://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?id=1448
4. Roche Phrmaceutical’s Manufacturer’s data sheet, dated July 2006. http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcmed.nsf/pages/rockonmm/$File/rockonmm.pdf
5. Golding J, Paterson M and Kinlen L. Factors associated with childhood cancer in a national cohort study. Brit. J Cancer 1990;62:304-8.
6. Greenwood R. Vitamin K and childhood cancer. MIDIRS 1994;4(3):258-9.
7. Greer F, Marshall S, Cherry J and Suttie J. Vitamin K status of lactating mothers, human milk, and breast-feeding infants. Pediatrics 1991;88(4);751-6.
8. British Medical Journal, 316:189-193, Jan 17, 1998
9. Passmore S, Draper G, Brownbill P, Kroll M. Ecological studies of relation between hospital policies on neonatal vitamin K administration and subsequent occurrence of childhood cancer. BMJ 1998;316:184-9
10. Meyer T and Angus J. The effect of large doses of Synkavit in the newborn. Arch Dis Child 1956;31:212-5 in, Ruby, C. Vitamin K: a historical perspective. MIDIRS 1997;7(3):362-4.
11. New Ethicals Compendium; 3c: 303-304.
12. Hall M. and Pairaudeau P. The routine use of vitamin K in the newborn. Midwifery 1987;3(4):170-7
13. O’Connor M. and Addiego J. Use of oral vitamin K1 to prevent hemorrhagic disease of the newborn infant. J Pediatr 1986;108:616-9.
14. Hathaway W. New insights on Vitamin K. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 1987;1(3):367-379.
15. Golding J, Greenwood R, Birmingham K. et al. Childhood cancer, intramuscular vitamin K and pethidine given during labour. BMJ 1992;305 (6849):341-6.
16. Henderson-Smart, D. Giving vitamin K to newborn infants: a therapeutic dilemma. MJA 1996;165:414-5.

Written by Joanna Karpasea-Jones.




This article was originally written for The Mother magazine, The World's Best Attachment Parenting Magazine!


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